Images by Hkun Lat
Text by Francis Wilmer
Photographer Hkun Li follows villagers the PaJatSan anti-opium group into the poppy fields of Kachin State and observes the crisis of the current drug epidemic among low wage workers.
The rise of opium use has slowly been on the increase in Myanmar, particularly in it’s wild Northern mountains, where half a century of civil war has left many pockets of power vacuums. Into the void steps the Pat Ja San, an unlikely alliance of churches, militias and government forces, widely supported by the native ethnic Kachin population. Rehabilitation centres have also started to appear in churches. Treatment is tough, almost medieval and little is done to regulate these independent centres.
The Pat Ja San, despite positive intentions, have been accused of a heavy handed and short term approach. They’ve been met with violent resistance from poppy farmers. In January one teenage activist was shot dead and a landmine injured three, while February saw skirmishes break out between The Pat Ja San and an armed group in Wai Maw sub-district.
Myanmar is the worlds 2nd largest heroin exporter. The national government have set themselves a target of eradicating opium by 2019. A target which is highly unlikely to be achieved unless more is done to address the deep routed economic and social issues in which poppies flourish.
The Myanmar military and police accompany many Patja San outings. They provide additional security incase opium farmers fight back.
A loose collective of different organisations and idividuals make up the Patja San. A local ethnic Kachin militia, left, and an independant Patja San activist, right.
A Patja San activist hacks down opium poppies in Pat Wai Maw township.
Patja San activists are motivated by Christianity and consider all their work has strong Christian overtones. Here they pray before heading into the poppy fields.
Patja San activists destroying a poppy crop in Wai Maw Township.
Activists accompanied by armed police escort unload supplies as they prepare to bed in for the night at the site of an opium farm deep in the Kachin hills.
A poppy farmer in Sadone sub district. Often farmers are left with little economic choice other than to grow opium.
Here a man shows refined opium from a small metal capsual.
Worker housing in Hpakant Jade Mine. Many young men come to Hpakant in search of riches but end up falling victim to heavy drugs and living in poor conditions.